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Reconceptualizing the PEN-3 Model: A Framework for Culturally-Responsive Trauma-Informed Care with Latinx Immigrants – Eliza Galvez, MSW (she/her)

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The purpose of this presentation is to explore and reconceptualize the PEN-3 model, a culture-centered model (Airhihenbuwa, 1989; 1995), as a framework for culturally-responsive trauma-informed care in context of Latinx immigrants with trauma-exposure. Reconceptualization will be described using prior literature on trauma-exposed Latinx immigrants, PEN-3 model studies with Latinx immigrants as the sample population, and PEN-3 studies that target trauma exposure. Practical considerations for social workers and other practitioners will follow to inform service provision with Latinx immigrants and other marginalized groups to improve quality of care across the board.


As a result of attending this presentation, participants will be able to:

1. Gain an understanding of trauma and trauma-informed care in context of Latinx immigrants, including the barriers they encounter in accessing quality care;

2. Learn of potential benefits of culturally-responsive trauma-informed care for Latinx immigrants; and

3. Gain insight on utilizing components of the PEN-3 model as a framework for culturally-responsive trauma-informed care when serving Latinx immigrants.


Social workers and other micro-level practitioners working with Latinx groups; practitioners utilizing trauma-informed approaches.


Eliza Galvez holds a bachelor’s degree in psychology from Georgia State University and a master’s degree in social work from Kennesaw State University. Galvez has experience working with marginalized groups, primarily Latinos and low-income individuals, in non-profit agencies and health systems. She has also worked as a research assistant and contributed to research on racial/ethnic groups experiences during child development, and in healthcare and education. Her research interests include trauma, racial and ethnic minority populations, and mental health prevention and intervention.